Karthika Masam is one of the most auspicious month in Hinduism.
The month is called with different names like Karthikai, Kartika, Karthika or Kartik.
Karthik Month is auspicious to both the devotees of Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva.
Karthika Masam 2020 Dates
For Telangana, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka -Karthika Masam in 2020 Starts on Monday, 16th November & ends on Monday, 14th December.
Importance & Significance of Kartik Month
The lunar calendar has been divided into two parts Dakshinayana and Uttararyana. Karthika Masam comes under Dakshinayana. In terms of sadhana, Dakshinayana is for purification, Uttarayan is for enlightenment.
Sadhana means a process by which one would get salvation. Out of all the months in Dakshinayana Karthika Masam is best suited for Sadhana. Hence Karthika Masam is one of the most auspicious months of the lunar calendar.
According to Padma Purana and Skanda Purana, the month of Kartik provides four kinds of benefits – religious, economic, good marital life and enlightenment.
The importance and significance of the month Kartik is first narrated by Lord Narayana to Brahma, Brahma to Narada and by Narada to King Prithu for the welfare of mankind.
Special rituals and fasting are observed on Mondays in Kartik Month. Mondays are generally dedicated to the worship of Lord Shiva. Specially, Mondays in Sravana Masam and Kartika Masam are considered as most auspicious by Lord Shiva devotees.
Somavaram (Monday) gets its name from one of thousand names of Lord Shiva – Someshwara. The crescent moon (Soma) on the matted locks of Shiva gives him the name Someshwara.
It is believed that the moon observed Somavara Vratam to escape from the curse of Daksha and to get the blessings from Lord Shiva and a spot in His matted locks.
Rituals in Kartik Maas
Lighting a Lamp
During the Kartik Month diyas are lit and placed in front of Tulasi plant and near the main entrance of the house before Sun rise and just before Sun set.
Kartik Snan or Bathing in River
Another important ritual is bathing in river during Karthika Month. The rivers have received fresh water during the rain season comprising of Shravana Masam and Bhadrapada Masam. As the rivers over flow banks and are furious bathing in rivers during Shravana and Bhadrapada is prohibhited. The river completely settle by the time Karthika Masam starts.
Visiting Shiva Temples
- Shiva temples observe special pujas and rituals in the month.
- Srisailam Mallikarjuna Swamy Temple attracts more than 2 million devotees during the month.
- Sri Raja Rajeshwara Swamy Temple at Vemulawada in Telangana attracts more than a million devotees during the Karthika Masam.
- Visiting five temples of Shiva Pancharamalu or Pancharama Kshetralu is performed in the month.
An important prayer chanted in the month is the Damodarastakam.
Festivals in Kartik Month
Karthika Masam – Kartik purnima, Gopashtami, kansa Vadha, Tulsi Vivah, Bhaiya Dooj are most important Festivals in this month.
Amant calendar is followed in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Goa, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
Purnimant Calendar is followed in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Orissa, Bihar.
But all the festivals will fall on the same day as per Gregorian calendar.
For understanding more, read about Amant & Purnimant Calendars.
|Amant Festivals||Purnimant Festivals|
|Gowardhan Puja||Karwa Chauth|
|Bhaiya Dooj||Ahoi Ashtami|
|Chhath Puja||Rama Ekadashi|
|Kansa Vadha||Narak Chathurdashi|
|Devuthaana Ekadashi||Lakshmi Puja|
|Tulasi Vivah||Gowardhan Puja|
|Kala Bhairava Jayanthi||Bhaiya Dooj|
|Utpanna Ekadashi||Chhath Puja|
Know more about 12 Hindu Months.
According to Padma Purana and Skanda Purana, the Karthika Masam provides four kinds of benefits – religious, economic, good marital life and enlightenment.
Tuesday, 10 December, it is also called as Karthika Pournami and Kartik Purnima.
Karthik Month is auspicious to both the devotees of Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva. Devotees visit temples of Lord Shiva and Vishnu, observe fasting and Karthika Masa Vratham, specially on Karthika Somavara days.