Ugadi is the New Year’s Day for Telugu and Kannada people. This is the most auspicious & important festival for Telugu and Kannada communities.
In some parts of India, Ugadi is known as Bharathiya Nava Varsh or Vikram Samvat. In Maharashtra this day celebrated as Gudi Padwa (Marati New Year).
In Rajasthan, the Marwari people celebrate the same day as Thapna. The Sindhis celebrate as Cheti Chand, manipuris celebrate as Sajibu Nongma Panba.
The Hindus of Bali & Indonesia celebrate as Nyepi.
The name of the festival is derived from Sanskrit, Yuga (Time or Era) + Adi (Starts) = Yugadi or Ugadi.
List of Ugadi Festival Dates in 2019, 2020
Vikari Nama Ugadi Date in 2019 – Saturday, 6th April.
Sharvari Nama Ugadi Date in 2020 – Wednesday, 25th March.
When Ugadi is Celebrated?
Each Telugu calendar year has 12 months and 6 seasons. There are 30 days in each month. Every month starts on new moon day.
Ugadi is celebrated on the first month, first season and first day of the year. In Telugu calendar first month is Chaitramu, first season is Vasantham (Spring) & first day is called as Padyami (new moon day).
Each Telugu New Year, Ugadi falls on different dates. The Telugu calendar (Panchangam) includes 60 year names. Every 60 years one name cycle completes and the names repeat in the next cycle.
For example, the Telugu year name for 1957 is “Hevalambhi”, repeates in 2017 and 2077.
List of 12 Months in Telugu Calendar/Panchangam
|S. No.||Name of Telugu Month|
List of 6 Seasons
|Season Name in Telugu||Season Name in English|
Customs of Ugadi Festival
On Ugadi day people decorates entrances of each room in their house with Mango leaves and flowers. They pray to the god for the health, wealth, prosperity and success in life.
Special dishes are prepared on new year day, In Telangana and Andhrapradesh Bhakshalu, Pulihora, Raw Mango Pickle & Ugadi Pachadi are prepared. In some areas Bhakshalu also called as Bobbatlu, Polelu or oligalu.
Ugadi Pachadi is made of new jaggery, raw mango pieces, neem flowers, salt and new tamarind which truly reflect life.
The special mixture consists of all the flavors which the tongue can perceive, and one could say that each flavor symbolizes a feeling or emotion which is natural in life.
- Neem Flowers for its bitterness, signifying Sadness
- Jiggery for sweetness, signifying Happiness
- Oma for its hot taste, signifying Anger
- Salt for saltiness, signifying Fear
- Tamarind Juice for its sourness, signifying Disgust
- Raw Mango for making it astringent, SignifyingSurprise
Panchanga Sravanam on Ugadi Festival
In the evening people visit the nearby temple for Panchanga Sravanam (the religious almanac predictions) by the priest.
Even the state governments of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh also officially celebrates Ugadi Festival.