About Bathukamma Festival
Bathukamma is the floral festival (Cultural Festival of Telangana) celebrated by Hindu women in the Indian state of Telangana.
In Telugu Batukamma means ‘come back to life’. Batukamma=Batuku(live or come back to life) + Amma(mother or godess).
The Bathukamma festival is celebrated for Nine Days. The festival is followed by Boddemma, it is celebrated two days before the Bhadrapada Amavasya and it marks the ending of Varsha Ruthu (Rainy Season).
Bathukamma is a beautiful stack, arranged with different seasonal flowers in concentric layers. These are all medicinal & wildflowers. Goddess Gauri is worshiped in the form of Bathukamma for these nine days.
The last day of the festival is celebrated on Ashwayuja Ashtami Tithi. The day is called Durgashtami.
Dussehra is celebrated on the second day after Durgashtami, i.e, on Ashwayuja Dashami (The tenth day in Ashwayuja month), which is called Vijaya Dashami.
The Women gather and celebrate the festival all nine days by singing and playing around the Batukamma in traditional dresses.
This floral festival starts on the Bhadrapada Amavasya day as per the Amavasyanth calender. This day is also called Pethara Amasa or Pitru Amavasya in Telangana.
It marks the start of Sharath Ruthu (Autumn Season).
Bathukamma 2023 Dates
In 2023, Bathukamma starts on 14 October, Saturday and ends on 23 October, Monday.
The Festival begins with Chinna Bathukamma on Bhadrapada Amavasya and ends with Pedda bathukamma or Saddula bathukamma on Ashvayuja Ashtami, also called Durgashtami.
|1||Saturday, October 14||Engili Puvvu Bathukamma / Chinna Bathukamma|
|2||Sunday, October 15||Atukula Bathukamma|
|3||Monday, October 16||Muddapuvvu / Muddapappu|
|4||Tuesday, October 17||Nana Biyyam|
|5||Wednesday, October 18||Atla Bathukamma|
|6||Thursday, October 19||Aligina / Arremu / Alaka|
|7||Friday, October 20||Vepakayala Bathukamma|
|8||Saturday, October 21||Venne Muddala Bathukamma|
|9||Sunday, October 23||Saddula Bathukamma (Chaddula/Pedda Bathukamma)|
9 Days of Bathukamma Festival & Navidyam
Each day Batukamma festival is called by a different name and each day different food is offered to the goddess.
1. Engili Puvvula Bathukamma / Chinna Bathukamma
On Bhadrapada Amavasya – The first day of Bathukamma is called Engili Puvvu Bathukamma because first, they pay homage to their ancestors by way of food offerings and then they start making Batukamma.
Food offerings to Goddess – Rice, Sesame seeds (బియ్యం, నువ్వులు)
2. Atukula Bathukamma
On Ashwayuja Padyami (The first day of Ashwayuja Month – as per the Amant Calendar) – The second day of Batukamma is called Atukula Bathukamma. On this day devotees offer Atukulu as Naivedyam.
Food offerings to Goddess – Flattened Rice, Jaggery (అటుకులు, బెల్లం)
3. Muddapuvvu or Muddapappu Bathukamma
On Ashwayuja Dwitiya (Second day of Ashwayuja Month) – Third day of Batukamma is called as Muddapuvvu or Muddapappu batukamma as Batukamma is made up of Mudda Chamanthi or Mudda Banthi flowers along with Thangedu Puvvu & Gunaka Puvvu. Also, offer Muddapappu & rice as naivedyam.
Food offerings to Goddess – Rice & Dal (ముద్దపప్పు, అన్నం)
4. Nanabiyyam Bathukamma
On Ashwayuja Trtiya – The fourth day of bathukamma is called Nanabiyyambathukamma as devotees offer Nanina Biyyam (Soaked Rice) & Jaggery.
Food offerings to Goddess – Soaked Rice & Jaggery (నానబెట్టిన బియ్యం, బెల్లం)
5. Atla Bathukamma
On Ashwayuja Chathurthi – this day of Batukamma is called as AtlaBathukamma. The women offer Atlu (dosa or roti type of food) as naivedyam for the batukamma hence the name called.
Food offerings to Goddess – Dosa or Roti (దోశ లేదా రొట్టె )
6. Aligina or Arremu or Alaka Bathukamma
On Ashwayuja Panchami – No Naivedyam preparation on this day. It is believed that Goddes Gowri was felt hurt. The day is also celebrated as Lalitha Panchami.
7. Vepakayala Bathukamma
On Ashwayuja Sashti – This day is celebrated as Durga Sashti. Naivedyam is offered in the shape of Vepakaya (Nim/Neem Fruit), so this day is called as Vepakayala Batukamma.
Food offerings to Goddess – Sakinala Pindi in the shape of Neem Fruits (సకినాల పిండి)
8. Venna Muddala Bathukamma
On Ashwayuja Sapthami – The eighth day of bathukamma is called as Venna Muddala Bathukamma. On this day devotees offer Navedyam with butter.
Food offerings to Goddess – Sesame seeds, Jaggery, Ghee, Butter Balls (నువ్వుల లడ్డులు)
9. Saddula Bathukamma (Chaddula/ Pedda Batukamma)
On Ashwayuja Ashtami (Durga Ashtami) – Bathukamma festival is called as Saddula Batukamma or Pedda Batukamma. On this day Batukamma is made up of different flowers in big sizes than all the eight days.
Food offerings to Goddess – 5 types of rice & 1 sweet are offered on this day.
- Curd Rice – పెరుగన్నం సద్ది
- Lemon Rice – నిమ్మకాయ పులిహోర సద్ది
- Tamarind Rice – చింతపండు పులిహోర సద్ది
- Tamarind Rice with Coconut Powder – కొబ్బరి అన్నం సద్ది
- Tamarind Rice with Sesame Seed Powder – నువ్వుల అన్నం సద్ది
- Malleda, Balls made with chapati & Sugar – మళ్లీద
**Offerings may vary by region wise but in most regions, devotees offer these foods.